Periodontology, dental cleaning
Periodontology is the professional field of dentistry that studies the supporting structures of the teeth as well as diseases and conditions that affect them.
Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious diseases which may result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that supports the teeth. Their main cause (besides some genetic factors) is the failure to remove dental plaque in time, so the prevention begins with orderly dental hygiene treatments, proper fillings and teeth replacements. We treat already developed periodontal diseases with the removal of dental plaque and with small dental surgeries like the removal of inflamed packets (gaps between the teeth and the gum line). If recognized and treated in time, periodontal diseases are reversible and the gum’s healthy state can be re-established.
Dental plaque is the main cause of gum disease. It’s a biofilm that grows on the surface of the teeth. First, it is a sticky colorless deposit, but when it forms tartar, it is often pale brown or yellow, and it can no longer be removed with brushing your teeth. It is commonly found on the lower incisors' inner side and the upper molars' outer side because of the salivary glands' outlets. The formation of dental plaque is never entirely avoidable, not even with great oral hygiene.
Dental hygiene treatments are recommended in every 6 months because dental plaque can be found not just between the teeth, on the front of teeth, behind teeth and on chewing surfaces but along or below the gum line as well, causing inflammation. The inflamed gum is red and swollen and may bleed while you brush your teeth or use floss. If untreated, it may progress to periodontal disease.
Symptoms of periodontal disease:
- red, swollen and bleeding gum
- receding gum line
- bad breath
- movable or loose teeth